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Are you in the zone?

The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) has been defined as:

"the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem-solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers" (Vygotsky, 1978, p. 86).


To assist a person to move through the zone of proximal development, educators are encouraged to focus on three important components which aid the learning process:

👉🏼The presence of someone with knowledge and skills beyond that of the learner (a more knowledgeable other).

👉🏼Social interactions with a skillful tutor that allow the learner to observe and practice their skills.

👉🏼Scaffolding, or supportive activities provided by the educator, or more competent peer, to support the student as he or she is led through the ZPD

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